Asbestosis – Symptoms and causes / Detailed Article
Asbestosis – Symptoms and causes / Detailed Article – Asbestosis (as-bes-TOE-sis) is a chronic lung disease caused by absorbing asbestos fibers. Prolonged exposure to these fibers can cause lung tissue scorching and shortness of breath. Symptoms of asbestosis can range from mild to severe, and usually do not appear for many years after continuous exposure.
Asbestos is a natural mineral product that is resistant to heat and corrosion. It was used extensively in products such as insulation, cement and some floor tiles in the past.
Most people with asbestosis achieved this at work before the federal government began regulating the use of asbestos and asbestos products in the 1970s. Today, its handling is strictly regulated. If you follow your employer’s safety procedures, it is highly impossible to get asbestosis. Treatment focuses on relieving your symptoms.
Symptoms – Asbestosis – Symptoms and causes / Detailed Article
The effects of long-term exposure to asbestos usually do not appear until 10 to 40 years after initial exposure. Symptoms may vary in severity. Asbestosis signs and symptoms may include:
A persistent, dry cough,
Loss of appetite with weight loss,
Fingers and toes that look wider and rounded than usual (clubbing),
Chest tightness or pain
Causes – Asbestosis – Symptoms and causes / Detailed Article
If you are exposed to high levels of asbestos dust for a long time, some airborne filaments may lodge within your alveoli – small sacs inside your lungs where oxygen is exchanged for carbon dioxide in your blood. . Asbestos fibers cause irritation and scarring in the lung tissue, making the lungs stiff. This makes breathing difficult.
As asbestosis progresses, more and more lung tissue becomes deformed. Eventually, your lung tissue becomes so rigid that it cannot normally shrink and expand.
Smoking appears to increase retention of asbestos fibers in the lungs, and often causes rapid development of the disease.
There is no treatment to reverse the effect of asbestos on alveoli. Treatment focuses on slowing disease progression, relieving symptoms, and preventing complications.
You will need regular follow-up care such as chest X-rays or CT scans and lung function tests at regular intervals depending on the severity of your condition.
To reduce breathing difficulty due to advanced asbestosis, your doctor may prescribe supplemental oxygen. It is given with thin plastic tubing that fits your nostril or thin tubing attached to the mask worn above your nose and mouth.
Participating in a pulmonary rehabilitation program may help some people. The program provides education for educational and exercise components such as breathing and relaxation techniques, ways to improve physical activity habits, and to improve overall health.
If your symptoms are severe, you may be a candidate for a lung transplant.