Bird Flu : Symptoms Treatment Causes and Risk Factors
Bird Flu : Symptoms Treatment Causes and Risk Factors – Bird flu, also known as avian influenza, is a viral infection that can infect not only birds, but also humans and other animals. Most forms of the virus are restricted to birds.
H5N1 is the most common form of bird flu. It is fatal to birds and can easily affect humans and other animals that come in contact with a carrier. According to the World Health Organization-assigned source, H5N1 was first discovered in humans in 1997 and nearly 60 percent of those infected with it have killed treated sources.
Currently, the virus is not known to spread through human-to-human contact. Nevertheless, some experts worry that H5N1 may pose an epidemic threat to humans.
What are the symptoms of bird flu? Bird Flu : Symptoms Treatment Causes and Risk Factors
If you experience specific flu-like symptoms, you may have H5N1 infection: Bird Flu : Symptoms
shortness of breath
Fever (greater than 100.4 ° F or 38 ° C)
If you are exposed to bird flu, you should inform the staff before reaching the doctor’s office or hospital. Alerting them ahead of time will allow them to take precautions to protect staff and other patients before taking care of you.
What causes bird flu? Bird Flu : Symptoms Treatment Causes and Risk Factors
Although there are many types of bird flu, H5N1 was the first avian influenza virus to infect humans. The first infection took place in Hong Kong in 1997. Its outbreak was linked to infected poultry farming. – Bird Flu : Symptoms Treatment Causes
H5N1 occurs naturally in wild waterfalls, but it can easily spread in domestic poultry. The disease is caused by contact with the feces of the infected bird, discharge from the nose or discharge from the mouth or eyes.
Consuming properly cooked poultry or eggs from infected birds does not infect bird flu, but eggs should never be served. Meat is considered safe if cooked at an internal temperature of 165 (F (73.9) C).
What are the risk factors for avian flu? Bird Flu : Symptoms Treatment Causes and Risk Factors
H5N1 has the ability to survive for extended periods of time. H5N1-infected birds carry the virus in feces and saliva for up to 10 days. Infections can be spread by touching contaminated surfaces.
If you are, you may be at greater risk of contracting H5N1:
A poultry farmer
A traveler visits the affected areas
Exposure to infected birds
Someone who eats chicken or eggs
A health worker caring for infected patients
A housemate of an infected person
What is the treatment for bird flu?
Different types of bird flu can cause various symptoms. Consequently, treatments may vary.
In most cases, treatment with an antiviral drug such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Rilanza) may help reduce the severity of the disease. However, the drug should be taken within 48 hours of the first symptoms appearing.
The virus that causes the human form of the flu may develop resistance to the two most common forms of antiviral drugs, amantadine and remantadine (flumedine). These drugs should not be used to treat the disease. – Bird Flu
Your family or others in close contact with you may also be prescribed antivirals as a preventive measure, even if they are not ill. You will be kept in isolation to avoid spreading the virus to others.
If you develop a serious infection your doctor may place you on a breathing machine.
When was the bird flu epidemic?
The virus was first detected in geocaches in China in 1996. Asian H5N1 was first detected in humans during a fowl outbreak in Hong Kong in 1997 and since then poultry and wild birds have been detected in more than 50 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Middle East.
Is the bird flu still around?
Bird Flu (Avian Flu)
The virus continued to kill and sometimes infect chickens and sometimes kill people. But as the years passed, the number of human H5N1 cases decreased. Not a single H5N1 human infection has been detected since February 2017. This is good news.
How long did the bird flu last? Information on Avian Influenza
In July 2005, HPAI H5N1 spread from Europe, the Mediterranean and the rest of Africa to 2005 and 2006 , with the first reports of infected birds in Russia and Kazakhstan and detention in Turkey, Romania and Croatia. October 2005.
How many people did bird flu kill? Bird flu outbreak
It killed an estimated 50 million people worldwide.