Crohn’s Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Living with,
OVERVIEW – Crohn’s Disease: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Living with
Crohn’s disease is a lifelong condition where parts of the digestive system become inflamed.
This is a type of condition known as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Symptoms of Crohn’s disease
Crohn’s disease affects people of all ages. Symptoms usually begin in childhood or early adulthood.
The main symptoms are: Crohn’s disease test
Stomach ache and cramps
Blood in your poo
Symptoms can be persistent or come and go every few weeks or months. When they return, it is called flare.
When to see GP
If you or your child have a GP see: Crohn’s disease medications
Blood in your poo
Diarrhea for more than 7 days
Repeated abdominal pain or cramps
Losing weight without any reason, or your baby’s not growing as fast as you want
A GP will try to find out what causes your symptoms and may refer you for a test to check Crohn’s disease.
Treatment of Crohn’s disease: Crohn’s disease medications
There is no cure for Crohn’s disease, but treatment can help reduce or control your symptoms.
The main treatments are: Crohn’s disease medications
Medications to reduce inflammation in the digestive system – usually steroid pills
Medications to prevent back swelling – Either pills or injections
Surgery to remove a small part of the digestive system – sometimes it may be a better treatment option than medications
You will usually have a team of health professionals helping you, possibly including a GP, a specialist nurse, and specialist doctors.
Living with Crohn’s disease
Living with Crohn’s disease can be difficult at times. Unexpected fair-ups and regular checkups with your care team can disrupt school, work and your social life.
But if the symptoms are well controlled, you can live a normal life with the condition.
Support is available from your care team and organizations such as Crohn’s and Colitis UK if you need it.
Causes of Crohn’s disease
The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown.
It is believed that many things can play a role, including:
Your genes – if you have a close family member, you can get it
A problem with the immune system (protecting the body against infection) that causes the digestive system to attack
A back stomach bug
An abnormal balance of gut bacteria
There is no evidence to suggest a particular diet that causes Crohn’s disease.
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