Dyspnea or Shortness of Breath – Diagnosis Symptoms and Causes
Dyspnea or Shortness of Breath – Diagnosis Symptoms and Causes – When you have shortness of breath, you cannot hold your breath or your lungs cannot get enough air. Your doctor may call it indigestion. This can be a warning sign of a health problem that needs immediate treatment. If you are a healthy adult, you breathe 20 times a minute. It takes about 30,000 breaths a day. A hard workout or common cold can throw a kink into that pattern from time to time, but you should almost never feel short of breath.
Symptoms – Dyspnea or Shortness of Breath – Diagnosis Symptoms and Causes
When you have indigestion, you may feel:
Tightness in your chest
Hungry for air
Unable to breathe deeply
Like you can’t breathe (suffocation)
It can be acute (sudden dyspnea) or chronic (prolonged dyspnea). Acute dyspnea begins within a few minutes or hours. It may be accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, rash or cough. Chronic dyspnea can make you feel out of breath with everyday tasks, such as walking from room to room or standing.
Sometimes, shortness of breath worsens or worsens with certain body conditions. For example, a lying flat can cause shortness of breath in people who have some type of heart and lung disease. Monitoring your symptoms can help your doctor find out what is wrong and recommend the best treatment.
Diagnosis – Dyspnea or Shortness of Breath – Diagnosis Symptoms and Causes
The doctor will examine you and listen carefully to your lungs. There may be a test in your lungs, called spirometry, to measure how much air you can blow in and out of your lungs and how fast you do it. It can help in the diagnosis of asthma and COPD.
Other tests you can do: Dyspnea or Shortness of Breath – Diagnosis Symptoms and Causes
pulse oximetry. To measure how much oxygen is in your blood, the doctor clips an instrument into your finger or earlobe.
blood test. They can show if you have anemia or infection and can check for blood clots or fluids in your lungs.
Chest X-ray or a CT scan. They can see if you have pneumonia, a blood clot in your lungs, or other lung diseases. A CT scan puts together several X-rays taken from different angles to form a complete picture.
Electrocardiogram (EKG). It measures the electrical signals from your heart to see if you are having a heart attack and find out how fast your heart is beating and if it is a healthy rhythm.
Causes – Dyspnea or Shortness of Breath – Diagnosis Symptoms and Causes
Shortness of breath can occur in many situations. The most common causes of short-term indigestion are:
A blood clot in your lungs is known as a pulmonary embolism.
Excess fluid around your heart
heart skips a beat
Heart failure problem
A low red blood cell count, also known as anemia
Pneumonia and other respiratory infections
Acute allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis
Sudden blood loss
Some of the more common causes of prolonged indigestion are:
Fluid around the lungs
Sarcoidosis, a collection of inflammatory cells in the body
Heart disease, including congestive heart failure
Inflammation of the tissue around the heart
be out of shape
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) including emphysema
High blood pressure in lungs, also known as pulmonary hypertension
Hard, thick or swollen heart muscle, aka cardiomyopathy
Home Treatments for Shortness of Breath
Here are some useful home remedies that you can follow to avoid Dyspnea
Using a fan
Sleeping in a relaxed position
Standing with supported back
Breathing and relaxation methods can help. But your dyspnea treatment will depend on what is your shortness of breath. For example, if you have asthma, you may have to use an inhaler in case of a flare-up. If you have fluid in your lungs, a doctor may need to remove it. If an infection or blood clot makes you feel short of breath, you may need medication. You can also get oxygen. If you take medicines, always take them as your prescription. – Home Treatments for Shortness of Breath