Epilepsy – Symptoms and causes / Detailed Article
Epilepsy – Symptoms and causes / Detailed Article – seizures or abnormal behaviors, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness.
Anyone can develop epilepsy. Epilepsy affects all races and ethnicities all races, ethnic backgrounds and ages.
The symptoms of seizure can vary widely. Some people suffering from epilepsy simply stare blankly for a few seconds at a time, while others repeatedly rotate their hands or feet. Having a single seizure does not mean that you have epilepsy. Diagnosis of epilepsy usually requires at least two nonrecoverable seizures.
Treatment with medications or sometimes surgery can control seizures for most people with epilepsy. Some people require lifelong treatment to control seizures, but for others, seizures eventually end. Some children suffering from epilepsy may exacerbate the condition with age.
Symptoms – Epilepsy – Symptoms and causes / Detailed Article
Because epilepsy is caused by abnormal activity in the brain, seizures can affect any process in your brain. Signs and symptoms of seizure may include:
A stare spell
Uncontrolled jerking movements of arms and legs
Loss of consciousness or awareness
Mental symptoms such as fear, anxiety or déjà vu
Symptoms vary depending on the type of seizure. In most cases, a person with epilepsy has the same type of seizure each time, so the symptoms will be similar from episode to episode.
Doctors usually classify seizures as either focal or generalized, based on how abnormal brain activity begins.
Causes – Epilepsy – Symptoms and causes / Detailed Article
About half of people with epileptic conditions have no identifiable cause. In the other half, the condition can detect various factors, including:
Genetic effects. Some types of epilepsy, which are affected by the type of seizure you have experienced or the part of the brain, are run in families. In these cases, it is likely that there is a genetic effect.
Researchers have linked some types of epilepsy to specific genes, but for most people, genes are only part of the cause of epilepsy. Some genes may make a person more susceptible to environmental conditions that trigger seizures.
head trauma. Head trauma can cause epilepsy as a result of a car accident or other traumatic injury.
State of the brain. Brain conditions that cause brain damage, such as a brain tumor or stroke, can cause epilepsy. Stroke is a major cause of epilepsy in adults over 35 years of age.
infectious disease. Infectious diseases, such as meningitis, AIDS and viral encephalitis, can cause epilepsy.
Prenatal injury. Before birth, babies are susceptible to brain damage that can be caused by many factors, such as infection in the mother, poor nutrition or lack of oxygen. This brain damage can lead to epilepsy or cerebral palsy.
Developmental disorders. Epilepsy can sometimes be associated with developmental disorders, such as autism and neurofibromatosis.
Treatment – Epilepsy – Symptoms and causes / Detailed Article
Doctors usually start treating epilepsy with medication. If medicines do not cure the condition, doctors may propose surgery or any other type of treatment.
Most people with epilepsy can become seizure-free by taking an anti-seizure medication, also known as an anti-epileptic drug. Others may be able to reduce the frequency and intensity of their seizures by combining medications.
Many children with epilepsy who are not experiencing epileptic symptoms may eventually discontinue medications and lead seizure-free lives. Many adults may discontinue medications after two or more years without seizures. Your doctor will advise you about the appropriate time to stop taking the drugs.
Finding the right medicine and dosage can be complicated. Your doctor will consider your condition, frequency of seizures, your age and other factors when choosing which medication. Your doctor will also review any other medications you are taking, to ensure that anti-epileptic drugs do not interact with them.
Your doctor will likely prescribe a medicine at a relatively low dose first and may gradually increase the dose until your seizures are well controlled.
Anti-seizure medications may have some side effects. Mild side effects include:
Loss of bone density,
Loss of coordination
Memory and thinking problems