Menopause : Treatment Causes and More
Menopause : Treatment Causes and More – Menopause is the time that marks the end of your menstrual cycle. It is diagnosed after 12 months have gone without menstruation. Menopause can occur in your 40s or 50s, but the average age in the United States is 51.
Menopause is a natural biological process. But physical symptoms, such as hot flashes, and emotional symptoms of menopause can disrupt your sleep, reduce your energy, or affect emotional health. There are many effective treatments available from lifestyle adjustment to hormone therapy.
Symptoms – Menopause : Treatment Causes and More
In the months or years leading up to menopause, you may experience these signs and symptoms:
Weight gain and slow metabolism
Thin hair and dry skin
Loss of breast fullness
Causes – Menopause : Treatment Causes and More
Menopause can result from:
Degradation of reproductive hormones naturally. As you get into your late 30s, your ovaries start making less estrogen and progesterone – hormones that control menstruation – and your fertility declines.
In your 40s, your menstruation may be long or short, heavy or light and more or less frequent, until eventually – on average, by age 51 – your ovaries stop releasing eggs, and your The pass does not last any longer.
Surgery that removes the ovary (oophorectomy). Your ovaries produce hormones including estrogen and progesterone, which control the menstrual cycle. Surgery to remove your ovaries causes immediate menopause. Your periods stop, and you are likely to experience hot flashes and other signs and symptoms of menopause. Signs and symptoms can be severe, as hormonal changes occur suddenly rather than gradually over many years.
Surgery that removes your uterus, but does not cause your ovaries (hysterectomy) usually causes immediate menopause. Although you no longer have periods, your ovaries release eggs and produce estrogen and progesterone.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy. These cancer treatments can induce menopause, causing symptoms such as hot flashes during or immediately after treatment. Menstrual periods (and fertility) are not always permanent after chemotherapy, so birth control measures may still be desired. Radiation therapy only affects ovarian function if radiation is directed into the ovaries. Radiation therapy for other body parts, such as breast tissue or the head and neck, will not affect menopause.
Primary ovarian insufficiency. About 1% of women experience menopause before 40% (premature menopause). Premature menopause can produce normal levels of reproductive hormones (primary ovarian insufficiency) as a result of failure of your ovaries, which may be precipitated by genetic factors or autoimmune disease. But often no cause of premature menopause can be found. For these women, hormone therapy is usually recommended until the natural age of menopause for protection of the brain, heart, and bones.
Treatment – Menopause : Treatment Causes and More
Menopause does not require medical treatment. Instead, treatments focus on relieving your signs and symptoms and preventing or managing chronic conditions that may occur with aging. Treatment may include:
Hormone therapy. Estrogen therapy is the most effective treatment option for relieving the hot flashes of menopause. Depending on your personal and family medical history, your doctor may recommend estrogen in the lowest dose and the shortest time frame required for you to provide symptom relief. If you still have your uterus, you will need progestin in addition to estrogen. Estrogen also helps prevent bone loss. Prolonged use of hormone therapy may present some heart and breast cancer risks, but introducing hormones around the time of menopause has shown benefits for some women. Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of hormone therapy and whether it is a safe option for you.
Vaginal estrogen. To remove vaginal dryness, estrogen can be delivered directly to the vagina using a vaginal cream, tablet, or ring. This treatment releases just a small amount of estrogen, which is absorbed by the vaginal tissues. It can help relieve vaginal dryness, discomfort with sexual intercourse and some urinary symptoms.
Low-dose antidepressants. Some antidepressants belonging to the class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may reduce the hot flashes of menopause. A low-dose antidepressant for the management of hot flashes may be useful for women who cannot take estrogen for health reasons or women who need an antidepressant for a mood disorder.
Gabapentin (Gralise, Horizant, Neurontin). Gabapentin has been approved to treat seizures, but has also been shown to help reduce hot flashes. This medicine is useful in women who cannot use estrogen therapy and also in those who have hot flashes at night.
Clonidin (Catapress, Kapavaya). Clonidine, a pill or patch commonly used to treat high blood pressure, may provide some relief from hot flashes.
Medications to prevent or treat osteoporosis. Depending on individual needs, doctors may recommend medication to prevent or treat osteoporosis. Many drugs are available that help reduce the risk of bone loss and fracture. Your doctor may give vitamin D supplements to help strengthen bones.
What happens during menopause?
The traditional changes that we consider as “menopause” when the ovaries no longer produce high levels of hormones. Ovaries are reproductive glands that store eggs and release them into the fallopian tube. They produce the female hormones estrogen and progesterone as well as testosterone.
How long does menopause last?
Once in menopause (you have not had a period for 12 months) and postmenopause, symptoms can persist for an average of four to five years, but they decrease in frequency and intensity. Some women report their symptoms for a longer period of time. The most common symptoms include: hot flashes.
Does menopause make you tired?
The same hormonal changes that cause symptoms such as hot flashes and night sweats can also affect your mood and energy levels, which can lead to fatigue. Variations of hormones can make it difficult for you to sleep at night, which can make you feel tired during the day.