Mouth cancer / Oral Cancer – treatment symptoms and causes
Mouth cancer / Oral Cancer – treatment symptoms and causes – Mouth cancer refers to cancer that develops in any part of the mouth (oral cavity). Mouth cancer can occur:
Inner lining of cheeks
roof of the mouth
Bottom of the mouth (under the tongue)
Cancer inside the mouth is sometimes called oral cancer or oral cavity cancer.
Mouth cancer is one of several types of cancer that are classified as head and neck cancer. Mouth cancer and other head and neck cancers are often treated in a similar way.
Symptoms – Mouth cancer / Oral Cancer – treatment symptoms and causes
Signs and symptoms of mouth cancer may include:
A lip or mouth sore that does not heal
A white or red colored patch inside your mouth
A growth or lump inside your mouth
Swallowing hard or painful
Causes – Mouth cancer / Oral Cancer – treatment symptoms and causes
Mouth cancers are formed when cells on the lips or mouth develop mutations in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains instructions that tell a cell what to do. Mutations change are said to keep cells growing and dividing when healthy cells will die. A tumor may form due to the accumulation of abnormal mouth cancer cells. Over time they can spread inside the mouth and into the head and neck or other parts of the body.
Mouth cancers most commonly begin in flat, thin cells (squamous cells) that represent the line between your lips and the inside of your mouth. Most oral cancers are squamous cell carcinomas.
It is unclear what causes mutations in squamous cells to cause oral cancer. But doctors have identified factors that may increase the risk of oral cancer.
Treatment – Mouth cancer / Oral Cancer – treatment symptoms and causes
Treatment for oral cancer depends on the location and stage of your cancer, as well as your overall health and personal preferences. You may have only one type of treatment, or you may undergo a combination of cancer treatments. Treatment options include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. Discuss your options with your doctor.
Surgery for mouth cancer may include:
Surgery to remove the tumor. Your surgeon can cut the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue from all around to ensure that all cancer cells have been removed. Small cancers can be removed through small surgeries. Larger tumors may require more extensive procedures. For example, removal of a large tumor may involve removing part of your jaw or part of your tongue.
Surgery to remove cancer that has spread to the neck. If the cancer cells have spread to the lymph nodes in your throat, or if it is high risk, depending on the size or depth of your cancer, your surgeon recommends a procedure to remove the lymph nodes and associated tissue in your neck (neck). Can do. Dissection). Neck dissection removes any cancerous cells that may have spread to your lymph nodes. It is also useful to determine whether you will need additional treatment after surgery.
Surgery for reconstruction of the mouth. After an operation to remove your cancer, your surgeon may recommend reconstructive surgery to regrow your mouth to give you back the ability to talk and eat. Your surgeon may transplant skin, muscle, or bone grafts from other parts of your body to regenerate your mouth. Dental implants can also be used to replace your natural teeth.
What does early stages of mouth cancer look like?
In the early stages, mouth cancer rarely causes pain. Abnormal cell growth usually appears as flat patches. A canker looks like a throat ulcer, usually with a depression in the center. The center of the canker throat may appear white, gray or yellow, and the edges are red.
How long does mouth cancer take to develop?
Fact: Most cases of oral cancer occur in patients 50 years or older as it often takes several years for the disease to develop.