Multiple sclerosis : Symptoms causes and Treatments
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).
Multiple sclerosis : Symptoms causes and Treatments – In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that covers the nerve fibers and causes communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body. Eventually, the disease can cause permanent damage or worsening of the nerves.
Signs and symptoms of MS vary widely and depend on the amount of nerve damage and which veins are affected. Some people with severe MS may lose the ability to walk independently or at all, while others may experience prolonged remission without any new symptoms.
Signs and symptoms of multiple sclerosis can vary greatly from person to person and the location of nerve fibers affected during the course of the disease. Symptoms often affect movement, such as:
- Weakness or weakness in one or more organs that usually occur on one side of your body, or on your legs and torso
- Electric-shock sensations that occur with certain neck movements, especially bending the neck (lemurite sign)
- Fibers, lack of coordination or unstable gait
Vision problems are also common, including:Multiple sclerosis : Symptoms causes and Treatments / Detailed Article
- Partial or complete loss of vision, usually one eye at a time, often accompanied by pain during eye movement
- Long double vision
- blurry vision
Multiple sclerosis symptoms may also include:
- Slurred speech
- Tingling or pain in parts of your body
- Problems with sexual, bowel and bladder function
Causes – Multiple sclerosis : Symptoms causes and Treatments / Detailed Article
The cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown. It is considered an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. In the case of MS, this immune system malfunction destroys fatty substances that coat and protect nerve fibers in the brain and spinal cord (myelin).
Myelin can be compared to an insulation coating on electrical wires. When the protective myelin is damaged and the nerve fiber is exposed, messages traveling along that nerve fiber may be slowed or blocked.
There is no cure for multiple sclerosis. Treatment usually focuses on accelerating recovery from attacks, slowing disease progression, and managing MS symptoms. Some people have mild symptoms that do not require any treatment.
Treatments for MS attacks
- Corticosteroids, such as oral prednisone and intravenous methylprednisolone, are prescribed to reduce nerve inflammation. Side effects may include insomnia, increased blood pressure, increased blood glucose levels, mood swings and fluid retention.
- Plasma exchange (plasmapheresis). The liquid portion of part of your blood (plasma) is removed and separated from your blood cells. The blood cells are then mixed with a protein solution (albumin) and put back into your body. Plasma exchange may be used if your symptoms are new, severe and haven’t responded to steroids.