Mumps – Treatments Causes and Symptoms
Mumps – Treatments Causes and Symptoms – Mumps is a viral infection that primarily affects the salivary-producing (salivary) glands near your ear. Mumps can cause inflammation in one or both of these two glands.
Mumps disease was common in the United States. Since then, the number of cases has declined dramatically.
However, lump outbreaks still occur in the United States, and the number of cases has increased in recent years. These outbreaks typically affect people who do not get vaccinated, and occur in close-contact settings such as school or college campuses.
Complications of mumps, such as hearing loss, are possibly severe but rare. There is no specific treatment for mumps.
Symptoms – Mumps – Treatments Causes and Symptoms
Some people infected with mumps virus either have no signs or symptoms or are very mild. When signs and symptoms develop, they usually appear two to three weeks after exposure to the virus.
The primary sign of mumps is swelling of the salivary glands that inflate the cheeks. Other signs and symptoms may include:
Pain in swollen salivary glands on one or both sides of your face
Pain during chewing or swallowing
Weakness and fatigue
loss of appetite
Causes – Mumps – Treatments Causes and Symptoms
Mumps is caused by a virus that spreads easily from person to person through infected saliva. If you are not immune, you can compress the gorge by breathing in droplets of saliva from an infected person who is just sneezing or coughing. You can also shrink mumps by sharing utensils or cups with someone who has mumps.
Complications of mumps are rare, but some are potentially serious.
Most mumps complications include swelling and swelling in any part of the body, such as:
Testicle. This condition, known as orchitis, causes one or both testicles to swell in men who have reached puberty. Orchitis is painful, but it rarely leads to the inability of the father of a child (sterility).
Brain. Viral infections such as mumps can cause encephalitis (encephalitis). Encephalitis can cause neurological problems and can be life-threatening.
Membranes and fluids around the brain and spinal cord. This condition, known as meningitis, if the mumps virus spreads through your bloodstream to infect your central nervous system.
Pancreas. Signs and symptoms of this condition, known as pancreatitis, include upper abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting.
Other complications of mumps include:
Deafness. Hearing loss can occur in one or both ears. Although rare, hearing loss is sometimes permanent.
heart problems. Rarely, mumps have been associated with abnormal heartbeat and diseases of the heart muscle.
Abortion. Getting pregnant too soon, especially in your pregnancy, can be the reason for miscarriage.
Mumps are caused by a virus, so antibiotics are not effective. But most children and adults overcome a complex case of mumps in just a few weeks.
People with mumps are usually not contagious and can safely return to work or school approximately five days after the appearance of signs and symptoms.
Lifestyle & Home Remedies
Relaxation is the best treatment. There is little your doctor can do to speed up recovery.
But you can take some steps to reduce the pain and discomfort and protect others from getting infected. try the:
Separate yourself or your child to prevent others from spreading the disease. A person with mumps can be contagious up to five days after the onset of signs and symptoms.
Take an over-the-counter painkiller such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) to reduce symptoms.
Use hot or cold compress to reduce the pain of swollen glands.
Wear an athletic supporter and use cold compresses to reduce tender testicle pain.
Avoid foods that require a lot of chewing. Try broth-based soups or soft foods, such as mashed potatoes or oatmeal.
Avoid sour foods, such as citrus fruits or juices, which stimulate saliva production.
Drink more fluids.
How long do mumps last? Mumps – Treatments Causes and Symptoms
The symptoms of mumps usually last for about 10 days. Once you recover, you are usually immune to getting mumps virus for the rest of your life.
Can adults get mumps?
Most cases of mumps occur in young adults (typically born between 1980 and 1990) who did not receive the MMR vaccine as part of their childhood immunization program or did not receive mumps as a child. Once you are infected with the mumps virus, you usually develop a lifetime of immunity to further infection.
How do you cure mumps?
There is currently no cure for mumps, but the infection must pass within a week or two. Treatment is used to relieve symptoms and includes: bed rest and receiving fluids. Pain relief medications such as ibuprofen and paracetamol – should not be given to children under 16 using aspirin.