Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (Adult)
Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (Adult) | Signs and Symptoms – “Parnassal” means near the nose. Para sinews are hollow, air-filled spaces in the bones around the nose. The sinuses are lined with cells that create mucus, which prevents drying from inside the nose during breathing.In most cases, nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses are found to cause cancer problems. Diagnosis is rare in people with no symptoms and is usually accidental (found when performing tests to check for other medical problems). Possible symptoms of these cancers (often only on one side) include:
Nasal congestion and generalizability that does not improve or worsen
Pain above or below the eyes
Nasal dripping (runny nose in nose and back of throat)
Loss or loss of sense of smell
Numbness or pain in parts of the face –
Paranasal Sinus Tumors
Growth or mass of the face, nose or palate (above the mouth)
Constant watery eyes
One eye bulge
Loss or change in vision
Pain or pressure in one ear
Trouble opening mouth
Enlargement of lymph nodes in the neck (lump under skin or feel)
Treatment for nasal and sinus cancer – Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (Adult) | Signs and Symptoms
The best treatment depends on several factors, including how much the cancer has spread and your general health.
Treatment may include:
Surgery to remove a tumor – which can be performed as surgical incisions (open surgery) or through the nose as keyhole surgery (endoscopic microsurgery)
Radiotherapy – where high-energy radiation is used to kill cancer cells, shrink a tumor before surgery, or destroy a tumor in small amounts, which can be released after surgery
Chemotherapy – where the drug is used to help reduce or slow the growth of tumors or to reduce the risk of cancer without surgery
Your treatment will be organized by a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) with head and neck cancer, who will discuss treatment options with you. A combination of treatments will often be recommended.
Diagnosis and treatment options depend on the following:
Nasal and paranasal tumors
Where is the tumor in the posterior sinus or nasal cavity and whether it has spread.
Type of cancer
The age and general health of the patient.
Has the cancer just been diagnosed or recurred (come back).
There are three ways of spreading cancer in the body. – Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (Adult) | Signs and Symptoms
Cancer can spread from tissue, lymphatic system and blood:
Tissue. The cancer spreads from where it is growing to surrounding areas.
lymphatic system. The cancer spreads from where it started by going into the lymph system. The cancer travels to other parts of the body through the lymph vessels.
blood. The cancer spreads from where it started getting into the blood. Cancer travels to other parts of the body through blood vessels.
Treatment Options Overview – Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (Adult) | Signs and Symptoms
There are a variety of treatments for patients with paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer.
Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer patients should employ their treatment by a team of doctors with expertise in treating head and neck cancer.
Three types of standard treatments are used:
New types of treatments are being tested in clinical trials.
Treatment for paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer may have side effects.
Patients may need to think about participating in a clinical trial.
Patients can enter clinical trials before, during or after starting their cancer treatment.
Follow-up tests may be required.
What are the symptoms of sinus cancer?
The most common symptoms of nasal and sinus cancer are:
A persistent blocked nose, which usually only affects 1 side.
Mucus is running through your nose.
Mucus travels to the back of your nose and throat.
How common is sinus cancer?
Severe cancer or sinus tumors are rare, of which approximately 2,000 are diagnosed each year in the United States. Men are more likely to get sinus cancer than women. The most common age for diagnosis of the condition is in the 50s and 60s. Smoking is a major risk factor for nasal and sinus cancer.
Is nasal and sinus cancer curable? Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (Adult) | Signs and Symptoms
Nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer can often be cured, especially if it is found early. Although treating cancer is the primary goal of treatment, it is also very important to preserve the function of the surrounding nerves, organs and tissues.
What is the survival rate of sinus cancer?
The 5-year survival rate for nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer is 58%. However, survival rates are based on several factors, including the stage and grade of the cancer. If the cancer is only located in the nasal cavity or paranasal sinus, the 5-year survival rate is 84%.
Is nasal cancer slow growing? Nasal and sinus cancer –
Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cancer
Sinus and nasal cavity tumors are mainly benign and unable to spread to other parts of the body. These tumors can occur on either side of the nose and are usually slow growing.