Penile Cancer : Causes Symptoms and Treatment
Penile Cancer : Causes Symptoms and Treatment – Penile cancer, or penile cancer, is a relatively rare form of cancer that affects the skin and tissues of the penis. This occurs when normally healthy cells in the penis become cancerous and begin to grow out of control in the form of tumors. Cancer can eventually spread to other areas of the body, including the glands, other organs, and lymph nodes. The American Cancer Society estimates that approximately 2,300 cases of penile cancer are diagnosed each year in the United States.
Is penile cancer deadly?
Penile cancer can be fatal, but it is a rare cancer, and when diagnosed and treated in the early stages, the prognosis is usually good. Life expectancy for penile cancer is often expressed in 5-year survival rates, that is, how many people will survive 5 years after diagnosis.
How long can penile cancer go untreated? Penile Cancer : Causes Symptoms and Treatment
The course of penile cancer is relentless and most untreated patients die within 2 years. Penile cancer metastasizes (spreads) in a predictable pattern. Metastasis is most common for lymph nodes, especially in the inner thigh (inguinal lymph nodes).
How quickly does penile cancer grow? Penile Cancer : Causes Symptoms and Treatment
This type usually grows slowly over several years, but sometimes it can grow more quickly. Cells may undergo pre-cancerous changes before squamous cell cancer develops. Squamous cell cancers that occur early are usually curable. Verrucous carcinoma is a rare type of squamous cell penile cancer.
Can urine test detect penile cancer?
Urine is looking for chemicals and blood cells that can aid in diagnosis. A swab of your urethra to help diagnose infection that can lead to conditions such as balanitis, phimosis, and penile cancer.
Diagnosis – Cancer of the Penis : Prevention and Diagnosis
Your doctor can diagnose penile cancer by performing physical tests and using some diagnostic tests.
During the physical examination, your doctor will look at your penis and observe any lumps, mass, or lesions present. If cancer is suspected, your doctor will likely perform a biopsy. A biopsy involves removing a small sample of skin or tissue from the penis. Samples are analyzed to determine if cancer cells are present.If the biopsy results show signs of cancer, your doctor will want to see if the cancer has spread. A cystoscopy is a procedure that involves the use of an instrument called a cystoscope. The cystoscope is a thin tube with a small camera and light at the end.During a cystoscopy, your doctor will gently insert the cystoscope through the penis and into the bladder. This allows your doctor to see different areas of the penis and surrounding structures, making it possible to determine if the cancer has spread.
Symptoms – Penile Cancer : Causes Symptoms and Treatment
The first noticeable symptom of penile cancer is usually a lump, mass, or ulcer on the penis. It may look like a small, trivial or large, infected wound. In most cases, it will be located on the head or foreskin rather than on the shaft of the penis.
Other symptoms of penile cancer include:
Penis skin thickening
Swollen lymph nodes in the groin
Prevention – Cancer of the Penis : Prevention and Diagnosis
There is no one way to prevent cancer, but some things can reduce your risk:
Have done a circumcision. When you do not have a foreshadow, it is easy to keep the area clean.
If you have a foreskin, be sure to clean it carefully.
Do not use tobacco.
Use safe sex practices to avoid HPV and HIV infection.
Causes – Penile Cancer : Causes Symptoms and Treatment
The cause of penile cancer is not known, but some risk factors may increase the likelihood of acquiring it.Men who carry the human papilloma virus (HPV) are at increased risk of developing penile cancer, a virus that causes genital darts.The study found that 5 out of 10 men (47%) with penile cancer have HPV infection.Age is also a risk factor for penile cancer. This condition rarely affects men under the age of 40, and usually occurs in men younger than 60 years.The most important lifestyle associated with penile cancer is smoking. Chemicals found in cigarettes can damage cells in the penis, increasing your risk of condition.Conditions affecting the penis, such as phimosis, which make it harder to remove, increase the likelihood of developing infections such as balanitis.
Treatment – Penile Cancer : Causes Symptoms and Treatment
The two main types of penile cancers are aggressive and non-dominant. Noninvasive penile cancer is a condition in which the cancer does not spread to the deep tissues, lymph nodes, and glands.
Invasive penile cancer is a condition in which the cancer has gone deep into the tissue of the penis and the surrounding lymph nodes and glands.
Some of the main treatments for non-major gender cancer include:
Circumcision. The anterior part of the penis is removed.
Laser therapy. High intensity light is focused to destroy tumors and cancer cells.
Chemotherapy. An aggressive form of chemical drug therapy helps eliminate cancer cells in the body.
radiation therapy. High-energy radiation shrinks tumors and kills cancer cells.
Cryosurgery. Liquid nitrogen freezes the tumors and removes them.
How aggressive is penile cancer?
Penile cancer is a malignant growth of cells in the tissue and / or external area of the penis. Penis cancer is a very rare disease that is usually an aggressive form of cancer that has a tendency to spread.
Is penile cancer slow growing? Penile Cancer : Causes Symptoms and Treatment
Squamous cell penile cancer is slowly growing and when it is found in its early stage, it can be cured.
Is penile cancer visible?
Currently, there is no screening test available for penile cancer that is effective enough to justify its regular use in the general public. Nevertheless, penile cancer can be detected in early stages, mainly because it usually occurs in skin cells and causes noticeable changes in the skin on the penis.
Is HPV contagious for life? Penile Cancer : Causes Symptoms and Treatment
Most cases of HPV become apparent within 1 to 2 years as the immune system fights and eliminates the virus from the body. After that, the virus disappears and cannot be transmitted to other people. In extreme cases, HPV can be dormant in the body for many years or decades.