Postpartum Depression : Treatment Causes and Symptoms
Postpartum Depression : Treatment Causes and Symptoms – The birth of a child can trigger a rumble of powerful emotions, ranging from excitement and joy to fear and anxiety. But it can result in something you are not expecting – depression.Most new mothers experience postpartum “baby blues” after delivery, which typically include mood swings, crying spells, anxiety, and difficulty sleeping. The baby’s hair usually starts within the first two to three days after delivery, and can last up to two weeks.But some new mothers experience a more severe, long-lasting form of depression known as postpartum depression. Rarely, an extreme mood disorder called postpartum psychosis may develop even after childbirth.Postpartum depression is not a character defect or weakness. Sometimes it is just a complication of giving birth. If you have postpartum depression, early treatment can help manage your symptoms and bond with your child.
What is the difference between postpartum and postnatal?
The terms “postpartum period” and “postpartum period” are often used interchangeably, but sometimes different, when “postpartum” refers to issues related to mothers and “postpartum” infants. Refers to the subject of.
How long do postpartum hormones last?
Typically, symptoms related to hormone imbalance should usually be prevalent for a few weeks after delivery. While breastfeeding, hormonal symptoms will remain as long as the woman breastfeeds.
Why do mothers die during postnatal period? Postpartum Depression : Treatment Causes and Symptoms
The most common causes of postpartum maternal death include bleeding, eclampsia, infection, and a broken uterus. The most important causes of neonatal mortality are infection, trachea at birth, premature birth and low birth weight.
How long does it take for your body to fully recover from pregnancy?
It can take months to fully recover from pregnancy and childbirth. While many women recover mostly for 6-8 weeks, it may take longer to feel that way again. During this time, you may feel that your body has turned against you. Try not to get discouraged.
Symptoms – Postpartum Depression : Treatment Causes and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of depression after delivery vary, and can range from mild to severe.
Child sees symptoms
Signs and symptoms of baby blues – which last from a few days to a week or two after the birth of your baby – may include:
Decrease in concentration
Symptoms of postpartum depression
Postpartum depression can be mistaken for defects of the first child – but the signs and symptoms remain more acute and longer, and may eventually interfere with your ability to take care of your baby and handle other daily tasks. Symptoms usually develop within the first few weeks after giving birth, but can begin during pregnancy – or later – up to a year after birth.
Signs and symptoms of postpartum depression may include:
Depressed mood or severe mood swings
cry out loud
Difficult relationship with your child
Retreat from family and friends
Loss of appetite or eating more than usual
Inability to sleep (insomnia) or too much sleep
Fatigue or lack of energy
Interest and enjoyment decreased in the activities you used to enjoy
Acute irritability and anger
Afraid you are not a good mother
Sense of valuelessness, shame, guilt or inadequacy
Lack of ability to think clearly, focus or make decisions
Severe anxiety and panic attacks
Thoughts of harming yourself or your child
Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide
Untreated, postpartum depression may persist for several months or longer.
With postpartum psychosis – a rare condition that usually develops within the first week after delivery – the signs and symptoms are severe. Signs and symptoms may include:
Confusion and disorientation
Obsessive thoughts about your child
Hallucinations and delusions
Excessive energy and movement
Attempt to harm yourself or your child
Postpartum psychosis may give rise to life-threatening thoughts or behaviors and require immediate treatment.
Risk factors – Postnatal depression – Risk factors Diagnosis and Prevention
Any new mother can experience postpartum depression and it can develop after the birth of any child, not before. However, your risk increases if:
You have a history of depression, either during pregnancy or at other times
You have bipolar disorder
You had postpartum depression after the last pregnancy
You have family members who have depression or other mood disorders
You have experienced stressful events during the past year, such as pregnancy complications, illness, or job loss
Your child has health problems or other special needs
You have twins, three children or many other births
You have difficulty breastfeeding
You have problems with your relationship with your spouse or significant other.
You have a weak support system
You have a financial problem
Pregnancy was unplanned or unwanted
Causes – Postpartum Depression : Treatment Causes and Symptoms
There is not a single cause of postpartum depression, but physical and emotional issues may play a role.
Physical changes. After delivery, a dramatic drop in hormones (estrogen and progesterone) in your body can contribute to postpartum depression. Other hormones produced by your thyroid gland can also drop rapidly – which can make you feel tired, lethargic and depressed.
Emotional issues. When you are sleep deprived and overwhelmed, you may also have trouble dealing with minor problems. You may be concerned about your ability to care for a newborn. You may feel less attractive, struggle with your sense of identity or feel that you have lost control of your life. Any of these issues can contribute to postnatal depression.
The diagnosis – Postnatal depression – Risk factors Diagnosis and Prevention
Your doctor will usually talk about your feelings, thoughts, and mental health to differentiate between a short-term case of postpartum baby blues and a more severe form of depression. Do not feel embarrassed – postpartum depression is common. Share your symptoms with your doctor so that a useful treatment plan can be made for you.
As part of your evaluation, your doctor may:
Do a depression test in which you can fill a questionnaire
Order a blood test to determine if the thyroid is contributing to your signs and symptoms.
Order other tests if warranted to detect other causes of your symptoms.
Prevention – Postnatal depression – Risk factors Diagnosis and Prevention
If you have a history of depression – especially postpartum depression – tell your doctor if you are planning to become pregnant or as soon as you realize you are pregnant.
During pregnancy, your doctor may monitor you for signs and symptoms of depression. She can complete a depression-screening questionnaire during your pregnancy and after delivery. Sometimes mild depression can be managed with support groups, counseling or other treatments. In other cases, antidepressants may be recommended even during pregnancy.
After your baby is born, your doctor may recommend a postpartum test to check for signs and symptoms of postpartum depression. If detected earlier, pre-treatment can begin. If you have a history of postpartum depression, your doctor may recommend antidepressant treatment or psychotherapy immediately after delivery.
Treatment – Postpartum Depression : Treatment Causes and Symptoms
Treatment and recovery time vary, depending on the severity of your depression and your personal needs. If you have an underactive thyroid or an underlying disease, your doctor may treat those conditions or refer you to the appropriate specialist. Your doctor may also refer you to a mental health professional.
Baby blues usually fade on their own within a few days to one to two weeks. In the meantime:
Rest as much as you can.
Accept the help of family and friends.
Connect with other new moments.
Take time to take care of yourself.
Avoid alcohol and recreational drugs, which can make mood swings worse.
Postnatal depression is often treated with psychotherapy (also called therapy or mental health counseling), medication, or both.
Psychiatry. It can help to talk to a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health professional through their concerns. Through therapy, you can find better ways to cope with your emotions, solve problems, set realistic goals, and respond to situations in a positive way. Sometimes family or relationship therapy also helps.
Antidepressant. Your doctor may recommend an antidepressant. If you are breastfeeding, any medicine you take will enter your breast milk. However, most antidepressants can be used while breastfeeding, a lower risk of side effects for your baby. Work with your doctor to weigh the potential risks and benefits of specific antidepressants.
With proper treatment, symptoms of postpartum depression usually improve. In some cases, postpartum depression may persist, becoming chronic depression. It is important to continue treatment to feel better. Stopping treatment too early can also relieve stress.
Postnatal psychosis requires immediate treatment, usually in a hospital. Treatment may include:
Medicine. Treatment may require a combination of medications – such as antipsychotic medications, mood stabilizers and benzodiazepines – to control your signs and symptoms.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). If your postpartum depression is severe and you experience postpartum psychosis, ECT may be recommended if symptoms do not respond to medication. ECT is a process in which small electric currents are passed through the brain, intentionally triggering a brief seizure. ECT causes changes in brain chemistry that can reduce the symptoms of psychosis and depression, especially when other treatments have been unsuccessful.
What is post partum psychosis?
Postpartum psychosis is a serious mental health illness that can affect anyone immediately after having a child. It affects about 1 in 500 mothers after giving birth. Many people who have given birth will experience mild changes after having a baby, known as “baby blues”.
What are postnatal stages? Postpartum Depression : Treatment Causes and Symptoms
There are at least three distinct stages of postpartum growth, infancy, childhood, and puberty (11), which are affected by various growth factors.
Why does it smell down there after birth?
Blood loss from the vagina is often associated with a slight metallic odor. It may continue for six to eight weeks after the birth of the child. This is the stuff that your uterus sheds after birth. But if there is a sharp and foul odor from a mild smell, it may be due to an infection or tears in your vagina.
Can breastfeeding make you feel depressed?
When women breastfeed, the level of prolactin (milk producing hormone) decreases to increase the level of dopamine (a hormone associated with reward). Hess suggests that, for some women, dopamine falls into overdose, and the resulting deficiency leads to a number of symptoms including anxiety, anger, and self-loathing.