Prostate cancer – Symptoms and causes / Article
Prostate cancer – Symptoms and causes / Article – Prostate cancer is a cancer in the prostate. The prostate is a small nut-shaped gland in men that produces semen that nourishes and transports sperm.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer. Many prostate cancers grow slowly and are confined to the prostate gland, where they may not cause severe damage. However, while some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and do not require minimal or even treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.
Prostate cancer that is detected early – when it is still confined to the prostate gland – is the best chance for successful treatment.
Symptoms – Prostate cancer – Symptoms and causes / Article
Prostate cancer cannot produce any signs or symptoms in its early stage.
Prostate cancer that is more advanced can have signs and symptoms such as:
- Trouble urinating
- Decreased force in urine
- Blood in urine
- Blood in semen
- bone pain
- Lose weight without effort
Causes – Prostate cancer – Symptoms and causes / Article
It is not clear what causes prostate cancer.
Doctors know that prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate develop changes in their DNA. A cell’s DNA contains instructions that tell a cell what to do. The changes call for cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells. Unusual cells survive when other cells die.
The accumulated abnormal cells form a tumor that can grow to invade surrounding tissue. In time, some abnormal cells can proliferate and metastasize to other parts of the body.
Your prostate cancer treatment options depend on a number of factors, such as how fast your cancer is growing, whether it has spread and your overall health as well as the potential benefits or side effects of the treatment.
Immediate treatment may not be necessary
Low-grade prostate cancer may not require immediate treatment. For some, treatment may never be needed. Instead, doctors sometimes recommend active monitoring.
In active surveillance, regular follow-up blood tests, anal exams and prostate biopsies can be done to monitor the progress of your cancer. If tests show that your cancer is progressing, you can choose to treat prostate cancer such as surgery or radiation.
Active surveillance can be an alternative to cancer that is not causing symptoms, is expected to grow very slowly and is limited to a small area of the prostate. Active surveillance can also be considered for someone who has a more serious health condition or is of an advanced age that makes cancer treatment more difficult.