Reactive airway disease (RAD) is often misunderstood and many people have either never heard of it or confuse it with asthma. Red can also be called reactive airway dysfunction syndrome (RADS) by medical personnel. Red is caused by exposure to environmental allergens, such as the substances you breathe such as dust, animal dander, mold spores, and mildew. These things are found in your home, public places, and your work environment.
Pollen allergies are seasonal and can occur at any time of the year. Environmental allergies can cause many symptoms that can exacerbate asthma-like symptoms such as cough and wheeze as well as allergy-like symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, and stuffy nose as well as itchy, watery eyes.
Reactive airway disease is not such a specific disease as it is a term used to describe a history of cough, wheezing or shortness of breath. The cause is usually unknown for these symptoms and doctors are classifying it as reactive airway disease until a better diagnosis can be determined. An accurate diagnosis can be difficult to obtain, especially in very young children (under 6 years of age). The end diagnosis may be asthma but in the meantime, the term “reactive airway disease” is used to describe the signs and symptoms the patient is experiencing.
It is often thought by many that if a child wheezing, he should have asthma. This is not necessary because many parents come to find out when they take their young child to the pediatrician. If you have a child who has experienced an episode of wheezing, you may be relieved to find that 30% of infants who have experienced wheezing develop asthma later in life.
A young child (under 6 years of age) may receive a diagnosis of reactive airway disease and then as the child grows up, the diagnosis may change to asthma as certain criteria are met. The criterion for asthma is that the child must be at least 5 years of age, have experienced or been diagnosed with episodic symptoms of airflow obstruction, who had airway hyper responsibility, at least 10% estimated reversibly. Airflow obstruction has been observed. Forcible breath volume and all other respiratory diagnoses have been ruled out after using a short-acting beta 2-agonist of one second (FEV1).
Some medical professionals believe that exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy or during the first year of life may propose RAD to the child.
Currently genetic research is being conducted for the pathogenesis of asthma. Infants and very young children may be more sensitive to the airways when exposed to environmental allergies, or when they have contracted viral respiratory diseases such as colds and flu.
Statistically, reactive airway disease accounts for 13 million healthcare visits every year in the US and 200,000 hospitalizations at a cost of approximately $ 1.8 billion in healthcare dollars. Statistics show that reactive airway disease is more frequent in children of Black and Hispanic origin and African-Americans are 4 times more likely to have reactive airway disease than their white counterparts.
Infants and young children may have previously been diagnosed with an upper respiratory infection which later includes wheezing and then a diagnosis of reactive airways. A young child with reactive airway disease may have wheezing or coughing while actively playing.
A doctor can diagnose reactive airway disease when a patient is young, and presents with fever, tachycardia, dyspnea, wheezing, cough, cyanosis, poor feeding, voiding in a distant breath examination, increased respiration. -To-respiratory ratio, and may also be present with an allergic preventive (semicircle of the skin under the eyes).
RAD can have several causes including an allergic or irritation reaction, a drug reaction, a respiratory infection, gastroesophageal fistula, or respiratory infections such as a common cause of the virus (respiratory syncytial virus) (RSV).