Rhabdomyosarcoma – Symptoms and Causes
Rhabdomyosarcoma – Symptoms and Causes – Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare type of cancer that occurs in soft tissues – particularly skeletal muscle tissue or sometimes hollow organs such as the bladder or uterus. RMS can occur at any age, but it often affects children.Although RMS can occur anywhere in the body, it is more likely to begin:
Head and neck area
Urinary system, eg bladder
The reproductive system, such as the vagina, uterus, and testes
Arms and legs
Outlook (prognosis) and treatment decisions depend on the type of rhabdomyosarcoma, where it begins, the size of the tumor and whether the cancer has spread. Treatment is usually in combination with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Major advances in the treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma have significantly improved outcomes. After completion of treatment, people require intensive chemotherapy and lifelong monitoring for the possible late effects of radiation.
Is rhabdomyosarcoma rare? What Is Rhabdomyosarcoma
Anaplastic rhabdomyosarcoma (also known as pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma) is an uncommon type that occurs primarily in adults and occurs very rarely in children.
Is rhabdomyosarcoma genetic? Rhabdomyosarcoma – Symptoms and Causes
In most cases, there is no known cause of rhabdomyosarcoma. However, there are some known genetic risk factors for rhabdomyosarcoma. Rhabdomyosarcoma can develop in someone with an underlying disorder that puts them at greater risk.
How common is rhabdomyosarcoma? Rhabdomyosarcoma – Symptoms and Causes
Soft tissue sarcomas account for about 7 to 8 percent of childhood cancers. Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common type of soft tissue sarcoma in children. About two-thirds of rhabdomyosarcoma cases are diagnosed in children under 10 years of age.
Does rhabdomyosarcoma come back?
In many cases, remission is permanent, but rhabdomyosarcoma may return. This is called repetition. Recurrence can occur in the same place or in a different part of the body.
Symptoms – Rhabdomyosarcoma – Symptoms and Causes
Signs and symptoms of rhabdomyosarcoma depend on where the cancer is located.
For example, if the cancer is in the head or neck area, signs and symptoms may include others:
Bulge or swelling of the eyes
Bleeding from nose, throat or ears
If the cancer is in the urinary or reproductive system, signs and symptoms may include:
Urination, burning and bleeding
Difficulty in bowel movements
A mass or bleeding in the vagina or rectum
If the cancer is in the arms or legs, signs and symptoms may include other people:
Swelling or lumps in hands or feet
Pain in the affected area, although sometimes there is no pain
Causes – Rhabdomyosarcoma – Symptoms and Causes
It is not clear what causes rhabdomyosarcoma.
Doctors know that rhabdomyosarcoma begins when a cell changes its DNA. A cell’s DNA contains instructions that tell a cell what to do. The changes call the cell to multiply quickly and go on to survive when the healthy cell would normally die. The result is a mass (tumor) of abnormal cells that can invade and destroy healthy body tissue. Abnormal cells can burst and spread throughout the body (metastasize).
The diagnosis – Rhabdomyosarcoma : Diagnosis and Treatment
Rhabdomyosarcoma diagnosis usually begins with a physical examination to better understand the symptoms you or your child may experience. Other tests and procedures may be recommended based on those findings.
Your doctor may recommend one or more imaging tests to check for symptoms, look for cancer, and look for symptoms that have spread to the cancer.
Imaging tests may include:
Computerized tomography (CT)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Positron emission tomography (PET)
Treatment – Rhabdomyosarcoma : Diagnosis and Treatment
Rhabdomyosarcoma treatment usually consists of a combination of treatments including chemotherapy, surgery and radiation therapy.
Which treatment your doctor recommends depends on the location of the cancer, the size of the tumor, whether the cells are invasive, and whether the cancer is limited to one area (localized rhabdomyosarcoma) or has spread to other areas of the body ( Depends) Will) metastatic rhabdomyosarcoma).
Can rhabdomyosarcoma be cured?
Overall, the survival rate for children in the low-risk group ranges from about 70% to over 90%. Rates vary depending on tumor location, stage, and other factors. Most of these children will recover.
What does rhabdomyosarcoma feel like? Rhabdomyosarcoma – Symptoms and Causes
When the tumor is in the neck, chest, back, arms, legs, or waist (including the testicles), the first sign may be a lump or swelling. Sometimes it can cause pain, redness, or other problems. Tumors around the eye may bulge the eye or the child may see cross-eyes. Vision can also be affected
Where is rhabdomyosarcoma located?
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare type of cancer that begins in cells that develop into skeletal muscle cells. It can occur almost anywhere in the body. The most common locations are head and neck; Urinary and reproductive organs; Arms and legs; And chest and abdomen (abdomen).