Septic Shock : Treatment Symptoms Diagnosis Prevention and Causes
Septic Shock : Treatment Symptoms Diagnosis Prevention and Causes – Sepsis Is the result of an infection, and causes massive changes in the body. This can be very dangerous and potentially fatal.This occurs when infection-fighting chemicals are released into the bloodstream by triggering inflammatory reactions.
Doctors have identified three stages of sepsis:
Sepsis occurs when the infection reaches the bloodstream and causes inflammation in the body.
Severe sepsis occurs when the infection is severe enough to affect your organs, such as the heart, brain, and kidneys.
Septic shock occurs when you experience a significant drop in blood pressure that can lead to respiratory or heart failure, stroke, failure of other organs, and death.
It is thought that small blood clots are formed from the inflammation resulting from sepsis. This can prevent oxygen and nutrients from reaching vital organs.
Inflammation mostly occurs in older adults or people with weakened immune systems. But both sepsis and septic shock can happen to anyone.Septic shock is the most common cause of death in intensive care units in the United States.
How do you get septic shock?
Septic shock is a life-threatening condition that occurs when your blood falls to dangerous levels after infection. Any type of bacteria can cause infection. Fungi such as candida and viruses may also be a cause, although this is rare. The first infection may have a reaction called sepsis.
Can a person survive septic shock? Sepsis (Blood Infection) – Illnesses & conditions
Sepsis can cause abnormal blood clots that result in small clots or rupture of blood vessels that damage or destroy tissues. Most people recover from mild sepsis, but the mortality rate for septic shock is about 40%. In addition, an episode of severe sepsis puts you at a higher risk of future infection.
What are the 3 stages of sepsis?
There are three stages of sepsis: sepsis, severe sepsis, and septic shock.
How fast can sepsis kill?
Sepsis is a bigger killer than heart attack, lung cancer, or breast cancer.
Symptoms – Septic Shock : Treatment Symptoms Diagnosis Prevention and Causes
The initial symptoms of sepsis should not be ignored. These include:
Fever usually exceeds 101 usuallyF (38˚C)
Low body temperature (hypothermia)
Fast heart rate
Rapid breathing, or more than 20 breaths per minute
Severe sepsis is defined as sepsis with evidence of organ damage that usually affects the kidneys, heart, lungs, or brain. Symptoms of severe sepsis include:
Decreased urine volume
Severe breathing problem
Blueness of the digits or lips (cyanosis)
Causes – Septic Shock : Treatment Symptoms Diagnosis Prevention and Causes
A bacterial, fungal or viral infection can cause sepsis. Any infection can begin at home or when you are in the hospital for treatment of another condition.
Sepsis usually originates from:
Stomach or digestive system infections
Lung infections like pneumonia
urinary tract infection
Reproductive system infection
Diagnosis – Septic Shock : Treatment Symptoms Diagnosis Prevention and Causes
If you have sepsis symptoms, the next step is to conduct tests to determine how far the infection has progressed. Diagnosis is often made with blood tests. This type of test can determine if any of the following factors are present:
Clotting problem due to low platelet count
Extra waste in blood
Abnormal liver or kidney function
Decrease in oxygen content
Depending on your symptoms and blood test results, there are other tests a doctor may want to do to determine the source of your infection. These include:
Wound secretion test if you have an open area that looks infected
Mucus secretion tests are done to see what type of germ is behind the infection.
Spinal fluid test
In cases where the source of the infection is not clear from the above tests, the doctor can also apply the following methods to get an inside view of your body:
Treatment – Septic Shock : Treatment Symptoms Diagnosis Prevention and Causes
The earlier sepsis is diagnosed and treated, the more likely you are to survive. Once sepsis is diagnosed, you will be likely to be admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for treatment. To treat septic shock, doctors use several medications, including:
Intravenous antibiotics to fight infection
vasopressor drugs, which are drugs that constrict blood vessels and help raise blood pressure
Insulin for blood sugar stability
Large amounts of intravenous (IV) fluids will be administered to treat dehydration and help increase blood pressure and blood flow to the organs. Breathing instruments may also be necessary for breathing. Surgery may be performed to remove a source of infection, such as pulling out pus-filled abscesses or removing infected tissue.
Prevention – Septic Shock : Treatment Symptoms Diagnosis Prevention and Causes
There are some stages that people can take to reduce the risk of developing sepsis and septic shock:
Get regular vaccinations against viral infections, such as flu, pneumonia, chickenpox, HIV, and other infections that can possibly cause sepsis.
Practice good hygiene, such as bathing and changing clothes regularly. Frequent hand washing, especially after handling food, touching pets, and using bathroom facilities, is another way to keep infections at bay.
Care and cleanse any open or gaped wounds. Wear disposable gloves to clean debris or dirt and rub wounds with clean, soap-free water. Cover the wound to protect it, and see a doctor if the wound is not closed or there may still be dirt.
Look for signs of infection, such as fever, chills, rapid breathing, rash, or confusion.
For any bacterial infection, follow the doctor’s advice about taking antibiotics and ending the entire course of treatment. Store the medicine according to the packaging instructions.
Treat fungal and parasitic infections as soon as symptoms appear and use the drug especially for fungi or parasites.
Control diabetes if relevant.
What happens when your body goes into septic shock?
Severe sepsis occurs when the infection is severe enough to affect your organs, such as the heart, brain, and kidneys. Septic shock occurs when you experience a significant drop in blood pressure that can lead to respiratory or heart failure, stroke, failure of other organs, and death.
How serious is septic shock? Sepsis (Blood Infection) – Illnesses & conditions
Septic shock is a serious and potentially fatal condition that occurs when there is a risk of low blood pressure for life in sepsis. Sepsis develops when the body over-reacts to an infection. It is important to know how septic shock can be recognized and prevented.
What are the red flags for sepsis?
There is swelling, redness, or pain around the cut or wound. There is a very high or low temperature, feels hot or cold when touched, or shivering.