Sinusitis : Treatment | Symptoms of Sinus Infection | Chronic sinusitis – Causes and Prevention | Sinus – Diagnosis & Risk factors

Sinusitis : Treatment | Symptoms of Sinus Infection

Sinusitis : Treatment | Symptoms of Sinus Infection

Sinusitis : Treatment | Symptoms of Sinus Infection – Chronic sinusitis occurs when the area inside your nose and head (sinus) is swollen and inflamed and lasts for three months or longer despite treatment.This is the normal way the mucus normally drains, and fills your nose. It can be difficult to breathe through your nose, and the area around your eyes may feel swollen or tender.Chronic sinusitis can be brought on by an infection by an increase in sinus (nasal polyps) or inflammation of the lining of your sinus. Also called chronic rhinosinitis, the condition can affect both adults and children.

Is sinusitis the same as a sinus infection?

Essentially yes, the definition of sinusitis is similar to sinus infection. “Itis” means inflammation or swelling due to infection, and “sinus” is the location of inflammation on your face. The sinuses are usually air-filled pockets in the facial bone.

Is VapoRub good for sinus infection? Sinusitis : Treatment | Symptoms of Sinus Infection

Vicks VapoRub – a topical ointment made from ingredients including camphor, eucalyptus oil and menthol that you rub on your throat and chest – does not relieve nasal congestion. But the strong menthol smell of VapoRub can baffle your brain, so you feel like you are breathing through a runny nose.

Is mucinex good for sinus infection?

Nasal irrigation and decongestants can help in the treatment of chronic sinusitis by loosening mucus and keeping the nasal passages clear. Mucus-thinning agent guaifenesin (Mucinex) is another alternative. (Be sure to drink a full glass of water when you take it.)

What is the drug of choice for sinusitis? Sinusitis : Treatment | Symptoms of Sinus Infection

Antimicrobial therapy is the mainstay of medical treatment in sinusitis. The choice of antibiotics depends on whether sinusitis is acute, chronic or recurrent. Antibiotic efficacy rates are: levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, and amoxicillin / clavulanate – more than 90%

Symptoms – Sinusitis : Treatment | Symptoms of Sinus Infection

Common signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis include:

Nasal inflammation
Thick, discolored discharge from nose
Posterior drainage
Nasal blockage or congestion, which makes it difficult to breathe through your nose
Pain, tenderness and swelling around your eyes, cheeks, nose or forehead
Low sense of smell and taste
Other signs and symptoms may include:

ear ache
Itching in your upper jaw and teeth
Cough or throat irritation
Sore throat
bad breath
Fatigue
Chronic sinusitis and acute sinusitis have similar signs and symptoms, but acute sinusitis is a temporary infection of a cold-associated sinus. Signs and symptoms of chronic sinusitis last for at least 12 weeks, but you may have several episodes of chronic sinusitis before chronic sinusitis develops. Fever is not a common sign of chronic sinusitis, but you may have acute sinusitis.

The risk – Sinus – Diagnosis & Risk factors

If you have an increased risk of getting chronic sinusitis:

A deviated septum
nasal polyps
Asthma
Aspirin sensitivity
A dental infection
An immune system disorder such as HIV / AIDS or cystic fibrosis
O fever or other allergic conditions
Regular exposure to pollutants such as cigarette smoke

Causes – Chronic sinusitis – Causes and Prevention

Common causes of chronic sinusitis include:

nasal polyps. These tissue growths can block the nasal passages or sinuses.
deviated nasal septum. The crooked septum – the wall between the nostrils – may restrict or block the sinus passage, making sinusitis symptoms worse.
Other Medical Conditions. Complications of cystic fibrosis, HIV and other immune system-related diseases can lead to nasal obstruction.
Respiratory tract infection. Infections in your respiratory tract – the most common cold – can inflame and thicken your sinus membranes and block the drainage of mucus. These infections can be viral, bacterial or fungal.
Allergies such as hay fever. Inflammation with allergies can stop your sinuses.

The diagnosis – Sinus – Diagnosis & Risk factors

Your doctor will feel tenderness in your nose and face and look inside your nose.

Methods of diagnosis of chronic sinusitis include:

Imaging test. Images taken using CT or MRI can show details of your sinus and nasal area. These may indicate a deep swelling or physical obstruction that is difficult to detect using an endoscope.
Seeing your sins. A thin, flexible tube with fiber-optic light inserted through your nose allows your doctor to see inside your sinuses.
An allergy test. If your doctor suspects that an allergy may trigger your chronic sinusitis, she may recommend an allergy skin test. A skin test is safe and quick and can help determine what allergies are responsible for your nasal flare.
Specimens of discharge (cultures) of your nose and sinuses. Cultures are generally unnecessary for the diagnosis of chronic sinusitis. However, when the condition fails to respond to treatment or is worsening, your doctor may swell inside your nose to take samples that can help determine the cause, such as bacteria or fungi.

Prevention – Chronic sinusitis – Causes and Prevention

Take these measures to reduce the risk of chronic sinusitis:

Avoid upper respiratory infections. At least keep contact with people who have a cold. Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially before meals.
Manage your allergies. Work with your doctor to keep the symptoms under control. Whenever possible avoid coming into contact with things that you are allergic to.
Avoid cigarette smoke and polluted air. Tobacco smoke and air contaminants can irritate and swell your lungs and nasal passages.
Use a humidifier. If the air in your home is dry, such as if you forced hot air, then adding moisture to the air can help prevent sinusitis. Be sure to keep the humidifier clean and free of mold with regular, thorough cleaning.

Treatment – Sinusitis : Treatment | Symptoms of Sinus Infection

Treatment of chronic sinusitis includes:

Nasal corticosteroid. These nasal sprays help prevent and treat inflammation. Examples include fluticasone, triamcinolone, bidesonide, memetasone, and deslomethasone. If the sprays are not effective enough, your doctor may recommend rinsing with a saline solution mixed with drops of burroughs or using a nasal mist of the solution.
Saline nasal irrigation with nasal spray or solution reduces drainage and removes irritation and allergies.
Oral or injected corticosteroids. These drugs are used to relieve inflammation from severe sinusitis, especially if you also have nasal polyps. Oral corticosteroids can cause serious side effects when used over a long period of time, so they are used only to treat severe symptoms.
For the treatment of aspirin if you react with aspirin that causes sinusitis. Under medical supervision, you are gradually given large doses of aspirin to increase your tolerance.

What not to eat when you have sinus?

Avoid food

Avoid dairy if you have previous episodes of sinus infection. Also, try to avoid refined sugar as it is pro-inflammatory and increases the production of mucus. Other foods to avoid include fruits such as tomatoes (include histamine), chocolate, cheese, gluten, and bananas, which can cause congestion.

How do you flush out your sinuses? Sinusitis : Treatment | Symptoms of Sinus Infection

Place the spout of a neti pot or the tip or bottle of a syringe inside your nose. The tip should not go beyond the width of the finger. Keeping your mouth open, squeeze the bulb syringe or bottle, or tilt the pot to pour water into your nostril. Remember to breathe through your mouth and not through your nose.

How do I know if my sinus infection is bacterial or viral?

Typically, the symptoms of a sinus infection are similar or very similar whether it is caused by bacteria or viruses. Common symptoms of viral or bacterial sinus infection include green or yellow mucus / discharge, bad breath, headache and fever.

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