Stage 3 Kidney Disease
Kidney suffers from stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD). This phase is divided into two: the reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) for stage 3a is 45–59 mL / min and the reduction in GFR for stage 3B is 30–44 mL / min. As renal function declines, waste products can cause a condition in the blood, known as “uremia”. In Stage 3 a person is more likely to develop complications of kidney disease such as hypertension, anemia (lack of red blood cells) and / or early bone disease.
Symptoms of stage 3 ckd
Symptoms of onset in stage 3 may begin:
Fluid retention, swelling and swelling and swelling (shortness of breath):
Changes in urine (frothy; dark orange, brown, tea-colored or red if it contains blood; and less or more urination than usual)
He felt kidney pain in his back
Sleep problems due to muscle spasms or restless legs
Seeing a doctor when you have stage 3 CKD
As stage 3 progresses, a patient should see a nephrologist (a doctor who specializes in treating kidney disease). Nephrologists examine patients and conduct laboratory tests to collect information about their condition to give the best advice for treatment. The goal of a nephrologist is to help his patient function for as long as possible.
Seeing a Dietician When You Have Stage 3 CKD
In step 3 one can also be referred to a dietitian. Because diet is such an important part of treatment, dieticians will review a person’s laboratory work results and recommend a meal plan for their needs. Eating a proper diet can help maintain kidney function and overall health.
Diet and stage 3 CKD
For stage 3 CKD, a healthy diet includes the following:
High quality protein and potassium intake (if blood levels are above normal)
Consumption of certain grains, fruits and vegetables (potassium and phosphorus) at normal levels
To help maintain PTH levels normal is to limit phosphorus, prevent bone disease and even preserve existing renal function
Reduce calcium consumption
Cutting back carbohydrates for people with diabetes
Reducing saturated fat to help lower cholesterol
Reducing sodium for people with high blood pressure or fluid retention by cutting out processed and pre-packaged foods
Limiting calcium if blood levels are too high
Avoid taking water-soluble vitamins such as C (100 mg per day) and B complex, or a complete over-the-counter dietary supplement (unless approved by a nephrologist).
It is helpful to work with a registered renal dietician as the stages of CKD change, so will the diet.
Medicines and stage 3 CKD
Many people who develop CKD have diabetes or high blood pressure. By keeping their glucose levels under control and maintaining a healthy blood pressure, it can help them preserve their kidney function. For both of these conditions, doctors will likely prescribe blood pressure medications. Studies have shown that ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors and ARBs (angiotensin receptor blockers) help slow the progression of kidney disease even in those with diabetes who do not have high blood pressure. Patients should ask their doctors about all their medicines and take them exactly as prescribed.
Step 3 More ways to manage CKD
Apart from eating right and taking prescribed medicines, exercising regularly and not smoking is helpful in prolonging kidney health. Patients should talk to their doctors about an exercise plan. Doctors can also suggest ways to stop smoking.
Seek help when you have stage 3 CKD
There is no cure for kidney disease, but it may be possible to stop its progression or minimize damage. In many cases, the right treatment and lifestyle changes can help keep a person and their kidneys healthy for a long time.