Types Of Thyroid Disorders

Types Of Thyroid Disorders

Types Of Thyroid Disorders
Types Of Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid, located just below Adam’s apple in the neck, is a butterfly-shaped gland that is a prestigious part of the complex network of glands named as the endocrine system. While the endocrine system is responsible for synchronizing multiple activities of the body, the sole function of the thyroid gland is to release thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormones regulate the entire process of the body’s metabolism and therefore a disturbance in it can lead to numerous serious ailments.

If you intend to learn about common disorders caused by thyroid gland malfunction, this article is definitely for you.

Hashimoto’s disease

Commonly known as hypothyroidism, it is a chronic disease that can occur at any age. The disease begins when the body’s immune system destroys the thyroid gland, and thus its ability to release thyroid hormone is completely impaired. People with a mild case of hypothyroidism may not show obvious symptoms, but those with a severe temperament may end up with symptoms such as:

  • Constipation
    Dry skin, fine hair
    Pale and puffy face
    Weight gain
    Cold intolerance
    Unbalanced measurement cycle (in women)
    Enlarged thyroid (goiter)

Graves disease

The name of the doctor, who first revealed it, is a common form of overactive thyroid or hyperthyroidism. It is an autoimmune disorder that strikes when the body’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland and thus results in an overproduction of thyroid hormone. With a high thyroid level in the bloodstream, the body can show symptoms such as:

  • Menstrual irregularities
    Muscular weakness
    Heat intolerance
    Excessive sweating
    Bulging eyes and inadequate vision.
    Frequent bowel movements or even diarrhea
    Shaking hands


A non-cancerous result of the thyroid gland, goiter is common throughout the world and is primarily considered a result of iodine deficiency in the body. Goiter can affect any age, but it is common in people over the age of 40. Medical history, pregnancy, exposure to radiation, and the use of certain medications are the main risk factors for this disease. Cases of mild goiter may not reveal any symptoms, while cases of complex goiter may present with the following symptoms:

  • Tightness/swelling in the neck
    Wheezing or coughing
    Hoarse voice
    Difficulty breathing and / or swallowing food.

Thyroid nodules

Thyroid disorder can also lead to another acute condition known as thyroid nodules. Nodules are the growth form inside or outside the thyroid gland. However, the main cause of this disease is unknown, but it has been observed that it can be cancerous in nature in a small fraction of cases. The risks associated with thyroid nodules can increase with age. Thyroid nodules do not reveal any symptoms, but if they grow large enough, they can lead to symptoms such as:

  1. Tremors
    Clammy skin
    Increased appetite
    High pulse rate
    Swelling in the neck
    Trouble swallowing and breathing
    High level of pain

Every thyroid disorder is different, and therefore the treatment options for each are different as well. To make sure you don’t have any major side effects, it’s essential to see a specialist, seek a proper diagnosis, and stick to treatment.


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