type 2 diabetes medications
What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and is characterized by high levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
Although some symptoms may be similar, it is a different condition than type 1 diabetes.
Unlike people with type 1 diabetes, most people with type 2 diabetes still make insulin.
However, it is not enough to deal with all the glucose in your blood or your cells cannot recognize insulin and use it properly (this is called insulin resistance).
Type 2 diabetes generally affects middle-aged or older people, and obesity is by far the biggest risk factor.
In the past two decades, the condition has become more prevalent in younger people, including children, primarily due to increasing obesity rates in children.
People who exercise a little or of certain ethnicities (such as Native Americans, African Americans, and Hispanics) also have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes usually come on gradually and can be so subtle that many people don’t realize they have the condition.
Symptoms may include:
- Always thirsty
- Feeling hungry, even though you eat regularly
- Go to the bathroom (urinate) often
- Getting sick frequently, or frequent skin infections,
- particularly yeast or fungal infections
- Infections take longer to heal
- Feeling tired all the time or lack of energy.
- Blurred or impaired vision.
Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosed?
Some doctors test for diabetes in people of a certain age, and it is usually always found in pregnant women.
If you or your doctor suspect that you have type 2 diabetes, then they can perform a blood test on the spot to detect blood sugar levels with a finger or order a blood test to detect blood sugar levels in the morning after an overnight fast.
Your doctor will also do a test and measure your blood pressure.
Cholesterol tests may also be done because about a third of people with type 2 diabetes also have high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Medications for type 2 diabetes
If you have type 2 diabetes, your body produces insulin but no longer uses it well.
Your body cannot make enough insulin to keep your blood sugar levels normal. The goal of treatment for you is to help your body make better use of your insulin or get rid of excess sugar in your blood.
Most type 2 diabetes medications are oral medications. However, some come as injections. Some people with type 2 diabetes may also need insulin.
These medications help your body break down starchy foods and table sugar. This effect lowers your blood sugar levels.
For best results, you should take these medications before meals. These drugs include:
Biguanides decrease the amount of sugar made by the liver. They decrease the amount of sugar the intestines absorb, make your body more sensitive to insulin, and help your muscles absorb glucose.
The most common biguanide is metformin (Glucophage, Metformin Hydrochloride ER, Glumetza, Riomet, Fortamet).
Metformin can also be combined with other medications for type 2 diabetes. It is an ingredient in the following medications:
metformin-dapagliflozin (Xigduo XR)
metformin-saxagliptin (Kombiglyze XR)
Alternative treatments for type 2 diabetes
The following products are considered alternative treatments or natural remedies for type 2 diabetes.
Their effectiveness may not have been scientifically proven to the same degree as the medications listed in the table above.
However, there may be historical, cultural or anecdotal evidence linking its use to the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
- Gotu kola
There are many medications available here to treat type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Each works in different ways to help you control your blood sugar.
Ask your doctor which diabetes medication may be best for you.
Your doctor will make recommendations based on the type of diabetes you have, your health, and other factors.
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